Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Ghost Lights

Author: Brandon Saylor

Weird floating light appearing in the distance

The Brown Mountain Lights are some of the most famous ghost lights in the world. There have been multiple reports in the North Carolina mountains.The lights also attracted the attention of scientists. They have been investigated twice by the U.S. Geological Survey.The ghost lights appear at weird times over the top of Brown Mountain. They move vertically and are clear ,but it disappears as it goes over the mountain. Sometimes they have a red or blue look and almost look like a star. Most of the time, the lights pop up so fast were you can barely see them.

Dark gloomy lights fly over the Texas skyline

The Marfa Lights have entertained the people of Marfa, Texas for years. The light splits into two then flies around to then combined back into each other. These lights are one of the most popular ghost lights right next to the Brown Mountain ghost lights. People all over the world have traveled to see these lights for themselves. Local residents have speculated that the lights are from the devil and are dancing throughout the sky. There has also recently been a link to flying lights in the Southwest Pacific . Most ghost lights are not solved scientifically and still stay as a natural wonder.

Works cited:

Fiumi, Elettra. “The Mysterious ‘Ghost Lights’ of Marfa, Texas.’ BBC Travel, BBC,17 Jan. 2018,

Grey, Orrin. “A Ghostly Glow in the Sky: What Are the Brown Mountain Lights?” The Lineup, Open Road Media, 26 Mar. 2018,

El Dorado

Author: Alyssa Casler

El Dorado a European myth, known has the lost city of gold. Some say that El Dorado is a person who would cover himself from head to toe in his own gold.But then it’s a place, where the gold is hidden. Throughout centuries El Dorado has been mentioned, searched for, and also has been lost for many years without people finding. Why does anyone want to find this place and what is the big deal? People to this day will still look for this, but why. El Dorado reveals the true nature of the territory and people for has lived here.

In deep South America, the origins of El Dorado lie. Legends have lied for centuries and contains some scarps of the truth. In the Andes Mountain tribes have landed, and hid there for over thousands of years to hide the “Lost City of Gold."

El Doradohad a tribe coming to look for all the gold in the lost city, the musica “The Musica is a practiced ritual for every new appointed king that involved gold dust and other precious treasures.”When a leader is appointed then he can stat to take his duties as a king. The rulers of the Musica would wear a head piece to show that they are the leaders. The Musica was meant for the “Gilded One”but has become synonymic with the lost city of gold.

Suppurations have said that El Dorado is not just a lost place but a person. El Dorado would cover himself in gold from head to toe. El Dorado was known as the “Golden One.” He was the leader of the tribe and would be the person that would lead and show everyone where to go.

So my question to you, what do you believe a place or person?Maybe a person that made a change in the world that people named a place. Well hard to tell, but someone wanted to hide gold and treasures for who to find. El Dorado, what is it?

Work Cited

Calhoun, Cynthia. "What is the legend of El Dorado and the gold of the Chibchas?" Owl Cation, 3 May 2018. chibchas-the-and-dorado-el-of-

Cooper, Tago. “El Dorado: The truth behind the myth. BBC News,, 14 January 2013.

Drye. Wille. “ El Dorado”. National Geographic,, Accessed on 18th October 2019.

Geller. Prof, “ El Dorado." Mythology., 31st January 2017.

Gordan, David. “The Musica Raft: A Golden Statue discovered in a cave near Bogota may be the key behind the myth of El Dorado”.The Vintage News,,23 April 2017.

Minster, Christopher, “ El Dorado, Legendary city of gold” Thought co., 03 July 2019.

Reese. Mr, “The search for El Dorado-Lost city of gold.” Ancient-Origins., 06 January 2015

The Dark, Mysterious, Fiji Mermaid

Author: Da’Keya Nicholson

This is a photo of the Fiji Mermaid and it is showing how the top and bottom half of its body is half fish and half orangutan.
I am sure you’re all wondering, what could possibly be out in the ocean other than sharks, whales, etc.? There are plenty of answers to this question but, the most interesting, unique, creature is known as the Fiji Mermaid . A Fiji Mermaid is a creature with the bottom half of its body as a mermaid, or fish, and the top half as an orangutan. In 1842, an English Man and member of British Lyceum of Natural History, Dr. J. Griffin, spread the news that a Fiji Mermaid had been spotted and caught near Feejee Island in the South Pacific. The news reached the press fast, and Dr. J. Griffin used all of the media attention to host a mermaid exhibition and the Masonic Hall.

This is a photo of PT Barnum. He was the owner of Barnum & Bailey Circus. He often called it the “Greatest Show on Earth.” Some of his most famous acts were the Cowboy Giant, General Tom Thumb, the Bearded Lady, and the Living Skeleton.
The press later found out that Dr. J. Griffin was a fraud. His real name was Levi Lyman, and he wasn’t even an English Man. There was no such thing as British Lyceum of Natural History. All of his work was done under P.T. Barnum, including the exhibition. PT Barnum was known for his first hoax of a blind slave, known as being a 161 year old former nurse for George Washington. He found out that the mermaid was fake, but didn’t care. All that mattered was that it was that the world believed it was real. PT Barnum sold the first fake Fiji Mermaid from his museum, Barnum's American Museum, in 1822. It was bought by Dutch Merchants, and they resold it to Samuel Barratt Eades for $6000. Samuel sold his ship to buy this mermaid. After Barnum sold the first mermaid, he began making more fake ones to sell. He would hang up pictures, and send pictures to the newspaper company to get his message out about selling Fiji mermaids.

The original Fiji Mermaid spent a decade of it’s time between Kimbell’s Museum in Fort Worth, Texas, and Barnum’s Museum in New York City. No one knew where it’s last known whereabouts were, but people believed that it burned in the fire that caused Barnum’s museum to collapse to the ground in 1865.

Works Cited

Andrews, Evan. Life, Magnified, “10 Things You May Not Know About PT Barnum.”, 2018.

Fischer, John. “A History of the Fiji Islands.” TripSavvy,, 2019.

American Social History Productions, “Barnum’s American Museum.”, 2019.

The Legends of the Number 23

Author:  Matthew Montalto-Cansler

The number 23 is one of the most commonly cited prime numbers which is a number that can only be divided by itself and one.  Twenty-three is the lowest prime number that consists of consecutive digits.  Primes are often described as the “atoms” of mathematics or the building blocks of the world of numbers.  An American businessman has put up a $1,000,000 prize for the first mathematician to find a pattern in primes, a problem in the mathematical world known as the Riemann hypothesis.

Riemann Zeta Function Image
The 23 obsessions began with William S. Burroughs who claimed to have met a sea captain named Clark who said he had never had an accident in 23 years.  Later that day, his ship sank, killing him.  That night, Burroughs supposedly heard a radio news broadcast about a flight 23 that had crashed in Florida though he may have been thinking ofthe flight 23 that was destroyed by a bomb in 1933.  After that, Burroughs kept meticulous records of his 23’s.  He later published a short story titled “23 Skidoo”.

There are so many freaky numerical coincidences such as Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species that was published in 1859.  1+8+5+9=23.  The Hiroshima bomb was dropped at 8:15 am –8+15=23.  The World Trade Center was attacked on 9/11/2001 (9+11+2+0+0+1=23).  This is one of the more disturbing examples of the power of 23.  The independent US commission which investigated the attacks found the date had been chosen randomly by the hijackers and had originally been planned for later in the year.  Alternative explanations for the date included the taking over of Palestine by Britain in 1922 and the fact that 911 is the US emergency code.

The movie, The Number 23, starring Jim Carrey, is a psychological thriller.  It was released in 2007 with the center of the theme being the number 23.  Some say the number is cursed, associated with bad luck, tragedy, and death.  In the movie, the same is true of Walter Sparrow who begins to unravel as he reads an obscure book, “The Number 23”.  The book seems to mirror Walter’s life in unexplainable, dark ways like the book’s main character,Detective Fingerling.  The number 23 becomes an obsession as Sparrow follows in the footsteps of other men who became obsessed with the number 23 such as Albert Einstein and William Burroughs.

Jim Carrey from the movie poster, “The Number 23”

William Shakespeare was born in Stratford Upon Avon on 23 April 1564.  He died 52 years later on his birthday, 23 April 1616.  Kurt Cobain, the god of grunge, was born in 1967 and died in 1994 = 1+9+6+7=23 and 1+9+9+4=23.  The first Morse Code transmission –“What hath God wrought?” was from the Bible passage Numbers 23:23. In telegraphers code 23 means “break the line”.  “23 Skidoo” is an American catchphrase from the early 20th century meaning to make a sharp exit.  It was used as the title of a book of short stories by William Burroughs, the first 23 aficionado.  But some believe its origins lie in Charles Dickens’ Tale of Two Cities, where the old woman counting the daily victims of the guillotine calls “23” as the hero is beheaded in the last chapter. 

The Bible does not let the number 23 pass with some significance.  It is widely held that Adam and Eve had 23 daughters.  The 23rd verse of the first chapter of Genesis brings the act of creation to a close while the 23rd chapter of the book of Genesis deals entirely with death, the death of Abraham’s wife, Sarah. The most famous and most quoted of the Psalms is number 23: “The Lord is my shepherd: I shall not want.  He maketh me to lie down in green pastures:  He leadeth me beside the still waters.” 

What is all the fuss about. The number 23 is only the whole number between 22 and 23.  23 is the ninth prime number and the fifth factorial prime.  It was the center of one of Einstein’s studies, calling it the Einsteinian prime.  William Burroughs started it all and still we are left with this enigma.

Works Cited:

Kiger, Patrick J.  “What's the Fascination with Number 23?”, InfoSpace Holdings LLC, 2019. .

“The Number 23.”  Christianity, Christianity Today, 2007. https://www.christianity 

“What does the Number 23 Mean.”, Accessed  29 Oct 2019

Tegun, Tamar Melike. “Weird and Enchanting Facts About the Number 23”,                  , Interesting Engineering, 3 Sep 2019.  Reference*,

 Links for further research:

TnPihl. “Jim Carrey Online”., Jim Carrey,, Accessed 21 Oct 2019.

“23 enigma”. Wikipedia, 13 Sept 2019,

“Meaning of Numbers in the Bible”., Interac, Accessed 21 Oct 2019.

Area 51

Author: Myliyah Bogans

When you think of Area 51, your brain instantly thinks aliens and UFO’s and all those other weird conspiracy theories. When I think of Area 51, I think of the movie Independence Day when they were at the top-secret science lab testing alien spaceships and had alien bodies held in containment. I also think of them coming to take over the planet as well. We shouldn’t just think that all the time because that’s not what it’s all about.

After the attack the Japanese did on Pearl Harbor America was super afraid of other things of this sort occurring again. Under the order of President Eisenhower, the secret development of the U-2 program was started in November of 1954. They needed a more secret remote place away isolated from the public eye. When they discovered Grooms Lake . It was once used an Army/AirForce base during WW2.Outsiders were brought in to work and weren’t allowed to share their top-secret information with the others on the outside. When They started testing circular aircrafts that could reach higher altitudes then regular one’s people notice them and didn’t have a clue about what they were. That is where the claim of UFO’s sightings came in affect. People were so wowed that they were supposedly seeing creatures from a different universe. Many people claimed they had encounter Aliens. A man by the name of Robert Lazar claimed he had with Extra-Terrestrial technology while employed at the site, thus sparked many conspiracy theories at that time.

The Name
Since Area 51 lies in the grid line of 51 on the map that is where the name comes from. It also could be referred to as Homey Airport. The name had also been changed to Paradise Ranch when it came time to draw in workers to work, so it wouldn’t sound so dull and boring. It can also be referred to a Dreamland.

Recent Discoveries
For many years people have been wandering what really happens at Area 51 not to long ago it all started as a Facebook joke “Storm Area 51”, they also including some Alien Merch for the people to wear as they attempted to get in. It really turned out to just be a party that was planned for millions but only a few millennials showed up. People were supposed to Naruto Run as they stormed the base. Some may ask what a Naruto run is, it comes from a Japanese Anime Series. If you're not into stuff like that you most likely wouldn’t know, but the following video may help.

Some people showed up dressed in full Alien Costumes. A few people got arrested for going on the property.

Works Cited:

Netzley, Patricia D. "Area 51." The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Paranormal
Phenomena, Greenhaven Press, 2006, pp. 36-37. Gale In Context: Opposing Viewpoints

Fortin, Jacey. "Invitation to 'Storm' Area 51 Gets Noticed." New York Times, 18 July 2019, p. A15(L). Gale in Context: Science

For further information or Want to get involved?

PURCHASE your very own “Storm Area 51”:Merchandise:
This website is for information about ordering T-Shirts
Article talks about the viral Facebook post about Storming Area 51.
This is a YouTube video on conspiracy and history on Area 51.

D.B. Cooper

Author: Sarah Dennis

Looking at this picture, one may be curious as to who this drawing is of and why he is drawn. This is D.B.Cooper. Cooper was known for hijacking the aircraft that was known as the Boeing 727 aircraft . D. B. Cooper is an unidentified manin the northwest United States, in the airspace between Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington, on the afternoon of Wednesday, November 24, 1971. He used the alias “Dan cooper” but because of miscommunication, he was known as “D.B.Cooper. He boarded the plane and had a briefcase, and a note. He demanded for $200,000 in ransom money and threatening everyone on board for the money. He asked Tina Mucklow, the flight attendant at the time, asking for her to sit beside him. Doing as he pleased, she sat beside him and Cooper handed her a note that said “I have a bomb.” The news got out to the pilot and was forced to stay in the plane and let every other passenger off. They flew over near the Seattle area and get received two parachutes and the money and jumped out, never seen again. Despite an extensive manhunt and protracted FBI investigation, the perpetrator has never been located or identified. It remains the only unsolved case of air piracy in commercial aviation history.

However, over the years there have been information on people who may know who the real D.B. Cooper is. For example, a women who claims she knows him and related,  Marla Cooper thinks she knows who D.B. Cooper is. She believes her uncle, Lynn Doyle Cooper is D.B. Cooper. Marla Cooper, 48, first told her story on ABC's Good Morning America and later on CNN, where she said she had provided investigators with a guitar strap made by her uncle for DNA testing. She said she never saw her Uncle after 1971, around the same time D.B. Cooper went missing. Later, she said her Uncle L.D. showed up bruised and bloody and said he had been in a car accident. She then proceeds to say her uncle said “We did it, our money problems are over. We just hijacked an airplane. It is a case that was never solved. FBI maintained an active investigation for over 45 years, and still has remained unsolved. The FBI officially suspended active investigation of the case in July 2016, but the agency continues to request that any physical evidence that might emerge related to the parachutes or the ransom money be submitted for analysis.

There have been some well known theories with this case. Some theories were to believe that he died of the fall. He wasn’t dressed for the appropriate “skydiving” and anyone who was a skilled skydiver would know what to wear. The parachute that he originally got was for training, and wouldn’t of been able to be opened because it was sewn shut. The weather was cold and dark and he was not dressed for the cold and jumped into the middle of land and sea, and was never found after that. Another theory about Cooper was that he actually did survive based on this video of “surviving evidence”.

Works cited

William M. Welch. “Could Uncle L.D. Have Been ‘D.B. Cooper’?” USA Today. EBSCOhost, Accessed 22 Oct. 2019

Potter, Sean. “Retrospect: November 24, 1971: The Mysterious Case of D.B. Cooper.” Weatherwise, vol. 64, no. 6, Nov. 2011, pp. 10–11. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/00431672.2011.618406

DiMarco, Scott R. “Skyjack: The Hunt for D.B. Cooper.” Library Journal, no. 18, Nov. 2011, p. 50. EBSCOhost,

Links to further research:
This link directs you to a website that tells you what who D,B, Cooper is and why he was known as the :Mystery Man”
This website gives information on another possible person who thinks they have solved who Cooper is, which according to the link is Robert Rackstraw.
This site contains facts about the Cooper case that could potentially be important.

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Ed and Lorraine Warren

Author: Austin Walter
Edward Warren Miney and Lorraine Rita Warren
Clairvoyant, and light trance Lorraine Rita Warren (January 31, 1927 –April 18, 2019) and her late husband, self-proclaimed demonologist, and navy vet Edward Warren Miney (September 7, 1926 –August 23, 2006) first made an appearance to the supernatural scene in 1952, and soon became the leading experts in demonology and paranormal phenomenon. Together the couple created the New England Society for Psychic Research, The Occult Museum, and solved countless supernatural cases. The society now holds the place as the oldest active ghost hunting group to still exist and The Occult Museum contains “one of a kind” artifacts collected from the many investigations Ed and Lorraine put to rest.

The current heads  of The New England Society  for Psychic Research, Tony Spera, Chris Gilloren, and Dan Rivera.
The New England Society for Psychic Research

Ed and Lorraine Warren created The New England Society for Psychic Research. The oldest currently active paranormal activity research group. Ed and Lorraine founded the society with one main goal: help tormented people deal with paranormal events that they couldn’t handle on their own. While alive the society was run by Ed and Lorraine, but with their passing the society remains maintained by their son-in-law, Tony Spera and two others, Chris Gilloren, and Dan Rivera. Since Lorraine's death in April 2019 the society has also maintained The Occult museum and all its belongings.

The real Annabelle doll in her glass box.
The Occult Museum
The Occult Museum, founded by Ed and Lorraine Warren, is dedicated to the many investigations the  Warrens  had  a  major part  of  over  the  years,  covered  in  artifacts  from  said  investigations  and  a  few Halloween  decorations  sprout  to  "set  the  scene". The  Occult  Museum also  included  the  Annabelle  doll, known for its pop culture reference, which is the museum's most valuable possession. It's the raggedy doll that  supposedly  caused  the  death  of  one  un-knowing  museumgoer  and  the  doll  that  haunted  two  college girls and badly scratched their visiting friend. A museum visitor, after questioning the truthfulness of the story behind the doll began tapping on the glass of the doll box. Witnesses say that directly after leaving The Occult Museum he visitor died in a motorcycle accident from a head-on collision with a tree. 

The Amityville horror house.
Pop Culture and Investigations

For over 5 decades now, Ed and Lorraine Warren have defended the world against demonic inhabitants, being a "religious authority" to those of the supernatural who decided to stay in our world instead of crossing over to the "other side." Ed and Lorraine Warren have been part of many supernatural investigations, some of which are commonly known from their movie titles, these include The Conjuring, Annabelle, The Conjuring 2, The Haunting in Connecticut, Annabelle: Creation, The Haunted, and their most famous feature My Amityville Horror. In My Amityville Horror,a couple and their children find a new home with a low-price tag in Amityville N.Y that seems “too good to be true”. Soon after they move in and get settled, they notice strange happenings in the house. They soon then realize that the low price that they had been so ecstatic about was due to the house's grim past. The father of the last resident family killed his children and wife, claiming that he was possessed by the devil. Based on its past, the new family concludes that the house is haunted and call a priest to cast off the evil spirits that call the house their domain. Ed and Lorraine Warren after their long carriers as paranormal investigators have contributed much to the paranormal community and a surprising amount to popular culture as well.

Works Cited:

“Annabelle " The New England Society For Psychic Research. /

Bartholomew, Robert. "The Amityville Hoax at 40" Skeptic, vol. 21 no. 4, 2016 Pp. 8-12. Academic Search Premier,

Eckstrom, Kevin. “Conjuring Up the Whole Story” National Catholic Reporter, Vol. 49, no. 22 Pp. 18-18. Academic Search Premier,

Grundhauser, Eric. “The Warren’s Occult Museum”. Atlas Obscura,

“Warrens’ Biography" The New England Society For Psychic Research.

Links for Further Research:

Lorraine Warren, 'Amityville Horror' and 'Conjuring' ghost hunter, dead at 92
This link further explains Lorrain warrens contribution to pop culture and popular horror movies based on her paranormal investigations.

A talk and tour with Lorraine Warren in her home. See the real Annabelle doll in her basement!
This video takes you on a tour of the life of Lorraine warren as a clairvoyant and her home, also interviewing her son-in-law.

THE CONJURING -The Real Lorraine Warren Featurette
This video takes you on a tour of the Occult Museum, and compares the memories of Lorrain Warren's real conjuring experiences and the movie The Conjuring

Numerology Horror: The Thirteenth Edition

Author: Stephanie Against Superstition Witherspoon

The number thirteen has a famous history of bad luck. It all started from friday the thirteenth which is associated with Halloween and now people believe that the number thirteen itself is bad luck. Many hotels and hospitals don’t have a thirteenth floor because of this superstition and if they did I am sure that society would frown upon the hospital.

“Friday the 13th: The Empirics of Bad Luck”, written by Jan Fidrmuc and J. D Tena, compares people born on the thirteenth to people born on the twelfth and fifteenth. The surveys they conducted showed that people born on the thirteenth are less likely to be employed or get married, and they earn lower wages. I believe that people with superstitions about the number thirteen just wake up and assume their day is going to be horrible, and as a result of their thoughts it is. In the netflix series “13 Reasons Why”, the protagonist commits suicide and blames 13 people for her death; for this reason I can see why someone would think the number thirteen is unlucky. One spiritual reason why the number thirteen is considered to be unlucky is because Jesus Christ's had his last supper with the twelve apostles making it thirteen people total.This is unlucky because one of the twelve apostles, Judas Iscariot, betrayed Jesus Christ. Peoplenow avoid having dinner with thirteen people.

Although there are various reasons why the number thirteen is said to be unlucky, I have found positive research. The article “Numerology Of Number 13: Hidden Meanings Behind Thirteen”,suggests that the number thirteen has a powerful message behind it meaning that positive change is on the way. Many people hold on to the superstitious history of the number thirteen, assuming likewise unlucky things to take place in today's society on the thirteenth day.

Triskadekaphobia is very common because people don’t take the time to notice the good signs of the number thirteen.

Love On The Thirteenth Floor​ by Gerald W. Deas expounds on good things that come from the number thirteen. He focuses on bible books Second Corinthians and Hebrews which only have thirteen chapters. The thirteenth chapter in each book talks about faith, hope, and charity giving people reasons to believe the number thirteen isn’t as unlucky as society makes it out to be. The superstition of the number thirteen is never proven to be true, but it continues to be remembered.

Lauren Garnier published “Why Are We Afraid of Friday the 13th and the Number 13?” asserts that many harsh, biblical events are said to have taken place on a Friday; Jesus was crucified,Eve tempted Adam, Abel was slayed by Cain, and the great floods began. In Britain people were hung on Fridays and citizens in Rome were executed. For these reasons, Friday has a bad history.

Works Cited: 

Garnier, Laurent. “Why Are We Afraid of Friday the 13th and the Number 13?” Youtube, posted by The Infographics Show, 9 April 2018.​.

Deas, Gerald W. “Faith and Love on the 13th Floor.” ​New York Amsterdam News​, vol. 96, no.48, 24 Nov. 2005, p. 32. ​Academic Search Premier​,​.

Triskaidekaphobia. ​nd​.​ “BE AFRAID : Phobia; Triskaidekaphobia, Fear of Number 13.” ​Know It All Idea.​ posted by ederlyn. 5 Nov. 2010.

“Numerology Of Number 13: Hidden Meanings Behind Thirteen.” ​Numerology Secrets,  ​17 March 2015, ​​.​

13 Reasons Why. ​Directed by Brian Yorkey, ​Netflix​, 2017.

Links for further research:

Top 10 WorldWide Superstitions about number 13​ 
this article explains the meaning of triskaidekaphobia and lists the thirteen historical reasons why the number thirteen is unlucky.

Why Is 13 unlucky?
This website talks about why people consider the number thirteen to be unlucky although it hasn’t been proven.

What are the 13 reasons why Hannah Baker killed herself in Thirteen Reasons Why​ 
This website gives the thirteen reasons why Hannah Baker committed suicide.

Haunting of St. .Augustine, FL

Author: Mya Tribble

Take a closer look at the photograph, as you look just look a tad bit closer in the center of the creepy image. You may be curious to know where the location of this image came from. This image is the haunting of St. Augustine. St Augustine is located in a city on the northeast coast of Florida Lighthouse.  St. Augustine is like a paranormal activity of paradise of the darker side. They have different stories like in the early 1600’s was “Castillo de San Marcos” a commander who found out that his wife was having an affair with another commander then, they both disappeared and were never found again.

The 1700’s “A Second Chance At Life” was a women who was nearly buried alive at the Tolomato Cemetery, went on to live another six years before passing away (again); and now guests have been the ghost of children playing inside the cemetery and heard the sounds of their laughter. The 1800’s two sisters were playing in and out of a car and then, uncontrollable they tumbled down a hill and drowned in the water. The late, 1800’s “The Life of a Criminal” was a building known as the old jail where inmates were treated bad and physically tortured so, now the old jail belongs to the inmates who lost their lives within the prison cells. Then, “The Forever Hospital Patient” it was a Spanish military hospital where, underneath the hospital are thousands of human bones where, people hear the cries, conversations, and screams of patients dying within the hospital’s rooms. Then, another story called “The Bitter End” where, it goes back to the early 1820’s “Huguenot Cemetery where, it was known to be paranormal activities.

The haunting of Huguenot who died. When, he died, and his kids grew up they wanted his body exhumed and moved closer to them. During the exhumation the grave digger left the coffin open while, he was on a break. That’s when, thieves stole his gold tooth. Since, then people have seen him floating around in the air.

Works cited:

“Haunted Guide to the Huguenot Cemetery.”, 2019,

“The Story Behind This Haunted Florida Lighthouse Will Give You Goosebumps.”, 2017,

“Ghost Hunters’ returns to the St. Augustine Lighthouse.”, 2019,

“Castillo de San Marcos' History.”,

Haunted Guide to the Oil Jail.”, 2019,

Links for further research:

Haunted History of St. Augustine
The website has different information that talks about the different haunting stories. Like history, tours, guides, etc.

Visit St Augustine 
The website gives you brief information on the haunted lighthouse. Also, gives background information that can be helpful. It also, talks about the tours that they have.

Machu Picchu

Author: Niiyonah Kitchings

The Peruvian city, Machu Picchu, was discovered 100 years ago. It was first built in 1450 and then completed in 1460. Also, Machu Picchu is a historic establishment for the Inca Emperor. It was made of heavy granite stones and it is extremely hard to cut even with today’s technology. The city of Machu Picchu is in the midst of a landscape of mountains. It was built to withstand earthquakes that would rattle the town situated on top of two fault lines. In 1911, Hiram Bingham and his fellow crew rediscovered Machu Picchu. The Incas never wanted it to be discovered though. According to skeletal remains, majority of the people who lived there were immigrants from very different backgrounds. They lacked the chemical markers they would have if they had been living there their entire lives. Instead, there was bone damage to different areas of Peru from various species of water parasites. At Machu Picchu the skeletal remains found are unique in their level of natural bone damage from laborious activities. The levels of arthritis and bone fractures differ at Machu Picchu than at the Inca Empire. Most people at Machu Picchu, their levels of arthritis and bone fractures are low. The interesting thing about this is that there the total amounts of skeletons were 135. Bingham took many archaeological findings. Among those archaeological findings there were pottery, jewelry, and human bones. Bingham believed that most of the skeletons he found was 75% females and the other 25% percent were males. 109 skeletons were from females and the last few were from males. The exposed bones do not belong to royal burials, but it is known for belonging to those living and working in the retreat of the emperor at the time when Machu Picchu was abandoned. The abandonment of Machu Picchu was in 1572. Unfortunately, their line of rulers came to an end.

According to the National Geographic, it states, “Machu Picchu is a testament to the power and ingenuity of the Inca empire. Built without the use of mortar, metal tools, or the wheel, Machu Picchu stands as an archaeological wonder of the ancient world” and I find it very interesting that no mortar was used in order to make it steady.

Works Cited:

Rehfeld, Silvan. Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (Peru). 4 April 2009. UNESCO, Accessed on 25 Oct. 2019.

Hearn, Kelly, and Jason Golomb. Machu Picchu 101. National Geography Society, 1996.

Machu Picchu: The Geological Landscape. 13 Jun. 2016.

Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. World Heritage Centre, 1992-2019. UNESCO,

Eisenberg, Daniel. Machu Picchu and Cuzo. Journal of Hispanic Philology, 1989.

Links for further research:

Machu Picchu Secrets Exposed 
In the article, Machu Picchu Secrets Exposed by Paul Schicke, it discusses the many secrets that Machu Picchu have that no one would ever imagine.

Roanoke Island, North Carolina, United States

Author: Kaylah Ginyard 

August 1590 brought the occurrence of one of the most puzzling mysteries in history. As John White arrived too England in order to gather supplies he came across a war between England, Spain, and Queen Elizabeth I. Three years later John White returned to Roanoke. When White left in 1587, he left in his wife and daughter, his infant granddaughter and some other settlers. He came back with no proof or evidence of the colony, including the entirety of his family. The only clue he did discover was the word “Croatoan,” which was carved into a wooden post. The “Lost Colony” is still under investigation, and there are plenty of theories and conspiracies which are laced with what little evidence exists, but science and anthropology have yet to yield an affirmative answer to the question of the “Lost Colony.” Although, “Croatoan” was discovered to be the name of an island South of Roanoke, it was founded to be the home of native Americans. Studies state that perhaps the colonists were killed or abducted by Native Americans. 

Works Cited: 

Mason, Emma. “What Happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke Island?” HistoryExtra, March 26, 2019.

Rogers, James. “Roanoke Colony Mystery: Could This Strange Rock Reveal the Settlers' Fate?” Fox News. FOX News Network, June 11, 2018.

Conway, Stuart. “It Was America's First English Colony. Then It Was Gone.” The Search for the Lost Colony of Roanoke, July 3, 2018.

“The Lost Colony of Roanoke: 8 Theories About the Mysterious Island and Its Inhabitants.” History, 15 Aug. 2017,

For even more leads than this article provides: 

“What Happened to the ‘Lost Colony’ of Roanoke?”, A&E Television Networks, 3 Oct. 2012, This article discusses one of America’s oldest unsolved mysteries traced back to August 1587. After settling, John White, governor of the new colony sailed to England to get fresh supplies. Three years after returning, he found no trace of the colony, including his wife and daughter. The only thing that was left was the word “Croatoan” carved on a wooden post.

 “Roanoke Island.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Sept. 2019, This article focuses on the main history of Roanoke Island, the birthplace of America’s first English child. Located on an island in Dare County on the outer core of North Carolina.

 “Haunted Roanoke.” Colonial Ghosts, 7 Oct. 2017, In 1998 archaeologist and historians discovered an extraordinary golden ring engraved with a prancing lion. Unfortunately, there was a huge misconception and researchers had it all wrong from the start. The ring had a numerous amounts of lab test ran on it. After being sent to east Carolina University, archaeologist “Charles Evans” was appalled by the results. The purpose of this article is to showcase why and how the research was wrong. What is distinctive about this article is the actual artifact that was found.

Oregon Vortex

Author: Sara Vaughn

Early in the 1920’s a land was discovered where one of the best roadside attractions was built. It was finally opened to the public in the 1930’s, this land is now a place where you now go take a visit. John Litster let the attraction be where you can now pay and figure out what the attraction is. John Lister was a geologist and mining in engineer.  Anytime you want to see an attraction the Oregon vortex is a place to take a visit. This could also be known as the “House of Mystery Shack” or “Forbidden Ground” (Oregon Vortex) they have the names because in the early 1920’s the native Americans horses would stop and not go anywhere near the land. This interesting land has been around for so long so now let tourist come see their experiences firsthand.

The Oregon vortex is a great place to take a group of kids to understand illusions and get a great experience what an illusion is. This attraction has open business hours for visitors to come, they can also let you experience how the illusion is viewed. They do this by letting you have a firsthand view of how the illusion works. The attraction is an open place to take classes and they give discounts to school groups or any groups. At the Oregon vortex is appears that it anyone standing towards the “south magnetic” will appear tallest and then if its “magnetic north” they will appear shorter.

The Oregon Vortex has had “FBI investigators” (Grant Butler) use equipment to measure the demensons and the angles or the house. They have figured out some interesting things about this house that a normal house cannot do. According to Grant Butler, in this house a broom at a regular house cannot stand on its own but at the Oregon Vortex it can. Another example they had is instead of a ball rolling downhill, the ball would roll uphill.

Works cited:
Battistella, Maureen Flanagan. “Oregon Vortex (House of Mystery).” ​Oregon encyclopedia, March 17, 2018, XbMwDehKiUm​. Accessed 25 Oct. 2019.

Randi, James. “The Oregon No-Vortex.” Skeptic, vol. 10, no. 3, Sept. 2003, pp. 6-7. “The Oregon Vortex” Accessed 25 Oct. 2019

Wikipedia contributors, Wikipedia, October 18, 2019 . VersionID: 914462878. Accessed 25 Oct. 2019

Finn J.D. John  February 28, 2010. 80 years, Oregon Vortex keeps experts guessing. Accessed 25 Oct. 2019

The Oregonian, OregonLive. Jun 22, 2017 Is the Oregon Vortex real? ​Roadside attraction remains a mystery of perception​. Accessed 25Oct. 2019

Haunted Charleston, South Carolina

Author: Chloe McCallum

The front gate to Madame Talvande's School for Girls
On Legare Street,in Charleston, SC, sits the first house built on the premises. It was Madame Talvande’s School for Girls , a boarding school with a strict headmistress that had no tolerance for boys. One girl at the boarding school found a way around the tight rules of no boys and had an affair. The headmistress became infuriated, to prove her point and insure there were no more affairs she instructed that there be a tall gate be built around the big house on Legare Street. It is to be said that if drive down Legare Street in the dark of night you can see a ghostly woman with a serious face standing behind the gate making sure no boys with trespass to be with her innocent girls.

Works Cited:

Lawrence, Katie. “9 Truly Terrifying Ghost Stories That Prove Charleston Is The Most Haunted City In South Carolina.” OnlyInYourState, 30 Apr. 2016,

Links for Ruther Research:

Madame Talvande

Famous Charleston Ghosts

Historical Marker for Madame Talvande's

Death from Above: The Chemtrail Theory

Author: The Non-metal Alchemist

Persistent criss-cross contrails occur over highly trafficked areas with high humidity. By Richard Newstead: described by Anne Marie Helmenstine from     
The Chemtrail conspiracy theory is an idea which proposes that condensation trails, or “Contrails” for short, which are said to be created by traveling aircrafts from a combination of water vapor and engine exhaust in the sky are, instead, Chemical Trails. These “Chemtrails” as most they are popularly named, are believed to be purposely dropped by military ships themselves for a variety of reasons, most of them being nefarious in nature. While to most people Contrails and Chemtrails may seem identical at a glance, people who subscribe to this theory claim that there are several differences between the two. (however, there are a significant amount of people in this group who believe that Contrails don’t exist. Stating that they are simply a myth the government created in order to explain away the trails.)  Differences that are commonly pointed out include, the “criss-cross” formation that Chemtrails typically appear in, different color hues from regular Contrails, (Thoughtco.“Chemtrails Versus Contrails”) and the duration a perceived Contrail may last. Reasons for the “spraying” of Chemtrails are varied but one commonly agreed upon explanation is that the government is using Chemtrails to control the population and to keep from overpopulating the planet. Other interpretations state that the military is testing chemical weapons, or that Chemtrails can induce some sort of mind control on the public. This theory has also been used to explain the California drought from 2011-2017, (, “California drought manipulation conspiracy theory”) Dane Wigington, a writer for, explains the motivations for the drought to be economical but doesn’t elaborate as to how this would benefit military pockets. 

According to Wikipedia this theory first started to form “after the United States Air Force (USAF) published a 1996 report about weather modification” and were accused of spraying mysterious substance from the sky. These theories started to gain attention online after postings on different forums relating to the topic and gained more popularity as apart of Art Bell’s radio show.  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) along with FAA, NASA, and NOAA published a response to the rumors in 2000 in which they denied “Chemtrailing” as a whole. This only served to strengthen the conviction of believers in this theory, seeing the response as proof of a government cover-up. (Wikipedia “Chemtrail conspiracy theory”) The USAF later released a fact-sheet in the mid-2000s stressing that “Chemtrails” were a myth in response to a military directive. 

According to a poll from Nature has found that 40% of Americans in some capacity believe in the theory, it was also found that 60% of talk about Geoengineering was related to conspiracies like this one. ( “Solar Geoengineering and the Chemtrails Conspiracy on Social Media”). Multiple purposed experiments of Geoengineering have also met stiff resistance from the believers, even resulting in threats of violence being emailed to scientist and professor such as David Keith. ( TechnologyReview “How one climate scientist combats threats and misinformation from chemtrail conspiracists.”) Proactive members of this conspiracy have made a considerable impact on politics as well, “influencing the Shasta County Board of Supervisors to voted unanimously in favor of a formal inquiry into chemtrail conspiracy claims”, a move that was mocked by major mainstream outlets feverishly. (, “California drought manipulation conspiracy theory”)

Works cited:  

Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Chemtrails Versus Contrails." ThoughtCo, Jul. 4, 2019,

Keith, David, “Chemtrails Conspiracy theory.” The Keith Group, Apr 11, 2014,     

Newstead, Richard, “Getting Away”, Photograph, Getty Images, Sep 04, 2015

“Chemtrail conspiracy theory", Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, 05:29, 14 March 2004.

“California drought manipulation conspiracy theory ", Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, 08:22, 29 August 2016‎

Temple, James, “How one climate scientist combats threats and misinformation from chemtrail conspiracists.” TechnologyReview, Jul 26, 2018.

Wagner, Gernot, “Solar Geoengineering and the Chemtrails Conspiracy on Social Media”, October 31st, 2017,

Links for further research: 

Chemtrails Conspiracy Theory 
This article explains the “Chemtrail” theory, it’s standard definition and common explanations as to why this act is carried out, such as Mind Control, Sterilization, and population control, among other reasons.

Chemtrail conspiracy theory
Wikipedia article describing general information of “Chemtrails”, going over the history, a timeline of related events, as well as influencers that popularized the theory. 

Chemtrails Versus Contrails
An article that details the “differences” between Contrails and Chemtails. 

Aircraft Contrails Factsheet 
A fact-sheet released by EPA in 2000 describing contrails

The Axe Man of New Orleans

Author: Musa Kareem

Hell, March 13, 1919, Esteemed Mortal of New Orleans: The Axe Man.They have never caught me and they never will. They have never seen me, for I am invisible, even as the ether that surrounds your earth. I am not a human being, but a spirit and a demon from the hottest hell. I am what you Orleanais and your foolish police call the Axe Man.

This is a supposed quote from the infamous murderer known as the Axe man of New Orleans. If this is a genuine quote, it pretty much sums up the type of person we are dealing with here. Even if this quote isn’t genuine, the events that happened in New Orleans, 1918 through 1919 are creepy enough.

It’s the night of May 23rd, 1918; a couple named Catherine and Joseph Maggio are in their home,419 Magnolia St.and in that night, they became known as the first victims of the Axe Man.The story is the Axe Man crept through the darkness of the Maggio home, knocked the couple with an axe andcuttheir throatswithone of Joseph’s straight razors.Catherine was found almost entirely decapitated, while her husband suffered from multiple severe injuries.Their bodies were discovered by joseph’s brother, who lived with the couple.When the attack was investigated,the only leads that were found was a missing panel from the kitchen door and a bloody axe.This break-in was abnormal because no valuables or money were.The Maggio attack is only beginning of the many disturbing attacks supposedly committed by the Axe Man, some more gruesome or disturbing than others.

On March 10th,1919, the Cortimiglia family was attacked.Charles attempted to protect his family by engaging in a fight with the Axe Man. Charles Cortimiglia would lose that fight and the Axe Man would go on to attacking Charles wife Rose and their two-year-old daughter, Rose. Charles and Rose would survive the attack, but their daughter tragically didnot.Like all the other Axe Man attacks the only thing police found was the bloody axe the attacker used.The attacker was described as dark, tall,heavy-set, wearing a dark suit and a black slouch hat.Three days later, on March 13th, 1919, the letter quoted up above was sent to a New Orleans newspaper called The Times-Picayune.In the letter he would go on to threaten and insult the police.The most sinister thing about this letter is threat aimed towards the citizens of New Orleans.

Undoubtedly, you Orleanians think of me as a most horrible murderer, which I am, but I could be much worse if I wanted to. If I wished, I could pay a visit to your city every night. At will I could slay thousands of your best citizens (and the worst), for I am in close relationship with the Angel of Death.

Now, to be exact, at 12:15 (earthly time) on next Tuesday night, I am going to pass over New Orleans. In my infinite mercy, I am going to make a little proposition to you people. Here it is:I am very fond of jazz music, and I swear by all the devils in the nether region that every person shall be spared in whose home a jazz band is in full swing at the time I have just mentioned. If everyone has a jazz band going, well, then, so much the better for you people. One thing is certain and that is that some of your people who do not jazz it out on that specific Tuesday night (if there be any) will get the axe.

This letter put fear in the hearts of the New Orleans citizens. On the Tuesday mentioned in the letter the people of New Orleans blasted jazz music in their homes and those who didn’t have a record player poured into local jazz clubs, just to stay clear from the Axe Mans wrath.What is interesting is the fact that no one was attacked on that night.The letter would also go on to spark the creation of a jazz song called“Don’t Scare Me Papa,” also known as the mysterious Axe Mans jazz.

October 27th,1919 was the last time the Axe Man attacked someone.He attacked and killed a man named Mike Pepitone. Mike was bashed in the head eight-teen times. He initially survived the attack but died only two hours later. After this the Axe Man seemed to just vanish from the city of New Orleans. He was never caught or even identified.

Work Cited:

BuzzFeed Multiplayer. “BuzzFeed Multiplayer: The Terrifying Axeman of New Orleans.” YouTube,2017.

Kelly, Meghan. “The Axe Murderer Who Loved Jazz.”, 2018.

For more information check the links below:

The Axeman of New Orleans.
This article is essentially a timeline of the Axe man’s murders and other important events related to the Axe man.

The Legends of History: The Axe Man of New Orleans (Serial Killer History Explained).
This video goes in detain of each murder done by the Axeman and his possible motivations.

“Criminal Profiles: The Axeman of New Orleans
In this video the narrator goes through each one of the Axe man’s murders and attacks. He mentions the important dates in the story that is the notorious Axe man.

The Lucky Number 7

Author: Bryntrisha Mathis

When you think of a number one through ten what comes to mind? Most people would say seven.The number seven is the lucky number of the world that is in the roles of our everyday lives. Many do not know the significance of this prime,odd,unique number in the world we live in. A Daily Mail  article shares how the number is brought up in cultures and religions all around the world and the history behind this number and the relation back to ancient times. For musicians this number is important. There are originally 12 notes in a musical scale,but the most common way of grouping is with seven notes. (Derbyshire, Davide. Daily Mail).

This number is significant in the bible. When dating back to the creation of the world god created it within six days but when that seventh day arrived it was used as his rest day.Seven symbolizes completeness and perfection. That leads to the creation of our weekdays. A completed week consist of seven days.The number seven occurs multiple times in the bible for several different reasons. This number is said to bring about great things for us, challenge us, and even judge us. For sacrifice of an animal the bible states that they must be at least the age of seven before they are able to be sacrificed. (What is the Biblical Significance of the Number Seven).

When looking into the make of our world it is made of 7 seas and 7 continents. If you look into studies there are originally eight planets, but some do not think of Jupiter as a plant which takes it down to seven. When thinking of a rainbow, colors are usually all a person thinks of and the acronym “ROY G BIV” which is for red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet but take into thought the number of letters there are seven right? When Isaac Newton first thought of the colors there were only five but later two were added. Anna Pukas the author of Express describes the world’s seven wonders: the Machu Picchu, Chichen Itza, Colosseum, the Great Wall of China, Taj Mahal, the statue of Christ, and the rock city of Petra. (Anna Pukas, The Magnificent 7)

The number seven will forever be the number of the world, and the luckiest of them all.When first used for the simplest of things no one thought it would have the reoccurrence it does. Randomly asking someone to give facts or information about this number the responses would mostly consist of the obvious, it is a prime odd number that is only divisible by itself. There are deeper ways of thinking into this number with interesting concepts and theories that relate together in creating our world the such a distinctive number.

Works Cited:

“What is the Biblical Significance of the Number Seven?” YouTube, 30 November 2017.

Derbyshire, Davide. “Why ‘lucky 7’ really is the world’s magic number.”, 10 April 2014

Pukas, Anna. “The magnificent 7: The meaning and history behind the world’s favorite number.” Express,10 April 2014

Anna Power. “A party style”., 3 June

Link for Further Research:

Daily Mail “Why Lucky 7 Really Is The Worlds Magic Number”
This source from daily news gives more information on the things that the number seven relates in you our creating of a day and the make of the world.

“What Is the Significance of The Number Seven?” 
This video provides more information on the significance of the number seven in the bible and the way it shapes the world into what it is today.

The Magnificent 7
This web source by Anna Pukas of the Express provides additional informational about  ancient history and the number seven.

Monday, October 28, 2019


Author: Elizabeth Hadwin

From Lost Tapes
Is Wendigo only a myth or is it really a cannibalistic humanoid creature waiting in the forest for its next victim? Wendigo is a horrifying creature of the Algonquian Native American legend, that devours human flesh during harsh winters. Wendigo is a fearsome beast with a gruesome appearance. The creature is described as having long limbs, ash colored skin,and extremely thin. Most are said to be without hair (due to malnutrition). Although in the colder regions,the Wendigo is said to have thick snow-white hair that is matted with blood and other gore. Its hands are withered and bony with sharp claws for tearing a person apart with a single touch (Geller, “Wendigo (Folklore) -Terrifying Monster”). Some of the most extensive and numerous of the Native American groups, The Algonquian, once lived along the Atlantic Coast and the Great Lakes Region. However, they are also found in legends of other Native American tribes. The word, “Wendigo” means “the evil spirit that devours mankind.” No matter how much flesh and bones the creatures eat they are always remaining hungry. Legends say that Wendigoag were once human beings. From the most popular version of the story, when a person resorts to cannibalism they form into a Wendigo. When the human flesh is consumed, it is believed that they are being overcome by the evil spirit and are in the process of transformation. At the beginning of the 20th century, Jack Fiddler, an 87-year-old Cree man was tried for the murder of a Cree woman. He claimed he was defending himself because the women were on the verge of transforming into a Wendigo, and she had to be killed before she killed the other members. (“The Wendigo: A Terrifying Beast with an Insatiable Hunger for Human Flesh”)The tale is often seen as a warning that is told to prevent people from engaging in immoral behaviors. It is also served as a metaphor to help better understand terrible acts committed by other people that can’t be understood otherwise (Geller, “Wendigo (Folklore) -Terrifying Monster”). According to some settlers’ versions of the Wendigo, if someone saw the Wendigo it would be a signal of death in their community. The Wendigo was claimed to be seen numerous times near a town called Roseau in Northern Minnesota in the 1800’s through the 1920’s. Every time a person would report the sighting, an unexpected death would occur. There are many who still believe the Wendigo is still roaming in the woods and prairies of northern Minnesota and Canada. Don’t doubt the Wendigo stories because many of the encounters and legends have been around since before man walked through these forests. The legends had to have come from somewhere and somehow, didn’t they?(“THE WENDIGO”)

Works Cited:

Wendigo. n.d,“Lost Tapes Wendigo”, Animal Planet, 25 Oct. 2019.

“The Wendigo: A Terrifying Beast with an Insatiable Hunger for Human Flesh.”Ancient Origins, 31 Jan. 2016,

Geller. “Wendigo (Folklore) -Terrifying Monster.”, 8 July 2018,

“THE WENDIGO.” American Hauntings, 2019,

For more information on the Wendigo visit these links: 

Redfern, Nick. “Taking a Look at the Wendigo Phenomenon.” Mysterious Universe, 19 July 2019,
Nick Redfern, a full-time writer on unsolved mysteries, published this article to make readers aware the Wendigo might be a myth. He explains that many old sightings got confused with Bigfoot encounters. The purpose of this article is to make readers realize that not all stories of the Wendigo are true.

Martínez, María. “Wendigo–Flesheater of the Forests.” Legends of America, June 2019,
Maria Martinez wrote this article about many of the Native American Indian tribes and their encounters and legends of the Wendigo. Maria explains a legend that claims, when you have an intense craving for human flesh it is called the Wendigo psychosis. The Wendigo psychosis occurs within individuals who are stranded in the snow in Canada.

McCauley, Elizabeth. “The Mythology and Misrepresentation of the Windigo.” Backstory, 23 Nov. 2016,
Elizabeth McCauley, an intern for the blog Backstory, writes in this article how the Wendigo is misrepresented. She believes the Wendigo legends are not told correctly. She asked the readers if they have ever heard of the show Supernatural or are a fan of Stephen King, but do you really know where the Wendigo is from?